5 AREAS OF GROWTH IN PLASTIC SURGERY

Continuous growth
In today’s world, many people want to look and feel their best. Plastic surgery can help achieve this and delay the ageing process. In the future this desire to look young and attractive may become even more commonplace as people work and live longer.

There are some plastic surgeries that can be predicted to continue in their popularity. For example, the number of liposuction procedures being performed is growing in the UK and US. As obesity and overweight levels are increasing in these populations it’s reasonable to predict that liposuction will remain a top plastic surgery procedure for the foreseeable future.

Now and in the future, it’s thought that the trend is for natural and incremental plastic surgery changes.
Non-surgical treatments have also become more popular over recent years and it’s expected for this to carry on. Patients will continue to combine these procedures and seek completely non-invasive options to manage their facial ageing and to provide them with the body features they desire.

1. Stem cells
Stem cell technology is an exciting concept for plastic surgeons. Stem cells can be harvested to regenerate cells and tissues in the human body. In the future stem cell technologies may be combined with tissue engineering to grow new body parts as required. These structures such as skin and ears will be grown in the laboratory and implanted to restore form and function.
Stem cells could also potentially be re-injected into areas as a filler that is more compatible and longer lasting than current fillers.

Areas where research is currently being undertaken include:
• burn care – generation of the dermal (innermost skin) layer following burn injury.
• breast reconstruction – regeneration of new tissue layers over implants in breast cancer survivors.
• nerve regeneration – regeneration of nerves and restoration of optimal function after nerve injury.
• wound care – use of skin substitutes (composed of living cells grown in a laboratory) to heal wounds.
• scar treatment to improve the healing of scars.
• hand and face transplantation.

2. Fat grafting
A patient’s extra fat tissue can be transferred and regenerated in other parts of their body. This revolutionary technique has been used in plastic surgery on the breasts, buttocks, face and hands. However, this is currently only an option for patients who have sufficient fat on other areas of the body.

Stem cells can become any type of tissue such as fat and it may become possible to grow significant amounts of the patient’s own fat in the laboratory that can then be transferred to their breasts, buttocks, or other areas. One day this could make implants a thing of the past.

3. Fat reduction
There are already some radical new techniques for fat reduction that don’t require incisions. Current procedures and those in the pipeline include fat-freezing and fat-burning that will destroy fat cells and allow problem areas to be specifically targeted.

4. LIP LIFT
Enter the lip lift- a permanent procedure- typically done under local anaesthesia in less than an hour. This operation shortens the space between the bottom of the nose and the top of the lips by carving out a bullhorn-shaped strip of skin just below the nostrils.
It helps to raise the lips edges and creates a more natural, plumper appearance as well as adding definition to the Cupid’s bow.

5. LABIAPLASTY
Women are having labiaplasty surgery to reshape the labia. According to one study, some women opt to have this surgery – often called feminine rejuvenation – for comfort; the excess tissue on the labia can make it difficult to do certain exercises such as running or riding a bicycle. Many women complain of pain when they wear jeans, or it can be obvious in yoga pants or a bathing suit.